Constitution of the State of Illinois
SECTION 12. GOVERNOR - PARDONS
The Governor may grant reprieves, commutations and pardons, after conviction, for all offenses on such terms as he thinks proper. The manner of applying therefore may be regulated by law.
ILCS Ch. 730, ACT 5
§ 3-3-1. Establishment and Appointment of Prisoner Review Board.
(a) There shall be a Prisoner Review Board independent of the Department of Corrections which shall be:
(1) the paroling authority for persons sentenced under the law in effect prior to the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1977;
(1.5) the authority for hearing and deciding the time of aftercare release for persons adjudicated delinquent under the Juvenile Court Act of 1987;
(2) the board of review for cases involving the revocation of sentence credits or a suspension or reduction in the rate of accumulating the credit;
(3) the board of review and recommendation for the exercise of executive clemency by the Governor;
§ 3-3-2. Powers and Duties.
(a) The Parole and Pardon Board is abolished and the term “Parole and Pardon Board” as used in any law of Illinois, shall read “Prisoner Review Board.” After the effective date of this amendatory Act of 1977, the Prisoner Review Board shall provide by rule for the orderly transition of all files, records, and documents of the Parole and Pardon Board and for such other steps as may be necessary to effect an orderly transition and shall:
(6) hear by at least one member and through a panel of at least 3 members decide, all requests for pardon, reprieve or commutation, and make confidential recommendations to the Governor;
§ 3-3-13. Procedure for Executive Clemency.
(a) Petitions seeking pardon, commutation, or reprieve shall be addressed to the Governor and filed with the Prisoner Review Board. The petition shall be in writing and signed by the person under conviction or by a person on his behalf. It shall contain a brief history of the case, the reasons for seeking executive clemency, and other relevant information the Board may require.
(a-5) After a petition has been denied by the Governor, the Board may not accept a repeat petition for executive clemency for the same person until one full year has elapsed from the date of the denial. The Chairman of the Board may waive the one-year requirement if the petitioner offers in writing new information that was unavailable to the petitioner at the time of the filing of the prior petition and which the Chairman determines to be significant. The Chairman also may waive the one-year waiting period if the petitioner can show that a change in circumstances of a compelling humanitarian nature has arisen since the denial of the prior petition.
(b) Notice of the proposed application shall be given by the Board to the committing court and the state's attorney of the county where the conviction was had.
(c) The Board shall, if requested and upon due notice, give a hearing to each application, allowing representation by counsel, if desired, after which it shall confidentially advise the Governor by a written report of its recommendations which shall be determined by majority vote. The Board shall meet to consider such petitions no less than 4 times each year. Application for executive clemency under this Section may not be commenced on behalf of a person who has been sentenced to death without the written consent of the defendant, unless the defendant, because of a mental or physical condition, is incapable of asserting his or her own claim.
(d) The Governor shall decide each application and communicate his decision to the Board which shall notify the petitioner.
In the event a petitioner who has been convicted of a Class X felony is granted a release, after the Governor has communicated such decision to the Board, the Board shall give written notice to the Sheriff of the county from which the offender was sentenced if such sheriff has requested that such notice be given on a continuing basis. In cases where arrest of the offender or the commission of the offense took place in any municipality with a population of more than 10,000 persons, the Board shall also give written notice to the proper law enforcement agency for said municipality which has requested notice on a continuing basis. (e) Nothing in this Section shall be construed to limit the power of the Governor under the constitution to grant a reprieve, commutation of sentence, or pardon.